All submitted manuscripts will undergo a three-step review process: preliminary check, plagiarism check, double blinded peer review.  

Preliminary check: All manuscripts will be reviewed by the editorial office first for compliance with  the Manuscript preparation guidelines. Articles that do not comply with the guidelines will be sent back to the authors to ensure compliance.

Plagiarism check: Manuscripts that are in compliance with the guidelines will be checked for plagiarism. We work with CrossRef to use iThenticate to detect plagiarism. iThenticate gives a 'similarity index', which is the word-by-word copying of materials from previously published literature. We use similarity index to make a decision. Manuscripts with more than 10% similarity index will be returned to the authors without peer review for corrective action. For articles with similarity index between 1-10%, we follow the guidelines of Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) on text recycling to make a decision. Manuscripts that pass the plagiarism check will be subjected to expert peer review. 

Double Blinded Peer Review Process

Initial Assessment: Our editorial team conducts an initial assessment to determine the suitability of the manuscript for peer review, based on criteria such as relevance, originality, and quality.

Review Assignment: If the manuscript passes the initial assessment, it is assigned to independent experts (reviewers) in the field for evaluation.

Review Process: Reviewers assess the manuscript's quality, validity, significance, and originality. They provide feedback and recommendations to our editorial team.

Anonymous Reviewing: To ensure impartiality, the identities of both the authors and the reviewers are concealed from each other during the review process. This is achieved by removing identifying information from the manuscript and the reviews.

Decision: Based on the reviewers' feedback, our editorial team makes a decision on whether to accept, reject, or request revisions to the manuscript.

Notification: Authors are promptly notified of the editorial decision, along with the reviewers' comments and suggestions.

By employing a double-blinded peer review process, we strive to maintain the highest standards of academic excellence and integrity, fostering the dissemination of impactful and credible research within the scholarly community.

Manuscript written by the editors: Manuscript written by the editors will be independently reviewed by at least two experts in the field. The editors are required to address all comments of the reviewers. The resubmitted manuscripts will be verified by the reviewers for compliance before making a final decision.


After acceptance, the manuscripts will be copy-edited and sent for production. The manuscript will be published online in pdf format. They will be open access, freely available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).  The authors will retain the copyright of their work. 

Special Issues have different peer review procedures involving, for example, Guest Editors and/or Advisory Editors. Authors contributing to these projects may receive full details of the peer review process on request from the editorial office.

Reviewer reports
Reviewers are asked to evaluate a manuscript for:

  • originality and significance of contribution
  • interest to social scientists and/or practitioners
  • international relevance
  • coverage of appropriate existing literature
  • adequacy of methodology, analysis and interpretation
  • clear, concise and jargon-free writing style
  • organisation

Reviewers are asked to provide anonymous comments to the author and are also given the option of providing confidential comments to the editor. The comments to the author are also made available to other reviewers of the manuscript.

Reviewers are not expected to correct or copy edit manuscripts. Language correction is not part of the peer review process.

How long does the review process take?
Typically the manuscript will be reviewed within 50 days. Should the reviewers' reports contradict one another or a report is unduly delayed, a further expert opinion will be sought. If necessary, revised manuscripts may be returned to the initial reviewers, usually within 1 month. Reviewers and Senior Editors may request more than one revision of a manuscript, and alternative reviewers may also be invited to review the manuscript at any time.